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Southern Europe

Macedonian Competition Commission Further Strengthens Its Leniency Policy

For several years now, a leniency model exists in Macedonia and it is shaped in line with the EU leniency model. Nevertheless, the Macedonian Competition Commission decided to refine the existing rules.

First Spanish conviction for corruption of foreign public officials

On February 20, 2016 , the Spanish Anti-Corruption Public Prosecutor set forth the findings against two executives of a Spanish company within the Criminal Section of the Audiencia Nacional for making corrupt payments to a foreign public official.

Final Text of the EU Conflict Minerals Regulation

On 24 January 2017, the European Parliament's Committee on International Trade approved the the Conflict Minerals Regulation. This paves the way for the text to be formally adopted by the EU institutions in the coming months.

EU’s highest Court confirms that automated messages can put recipients on the hook for...

Eturas runs the e-commerce back-end of 30 travel agents in Lithuania. An administrator message to each member informed them that the e-commerce functionality allowing each travel agent to grant discounts would be capped at 3 per cent. That message appeared in part of the system relating to information messages. The Court of Justice found that administrator messages could be the basis of illegal cartel type conduct.

U.S. Executive Order of January 25, 2017 should not affect EU-U.S. Privacy Shield

On January 25, 2017, the U.S. President signed an Executive Order on "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States" containing rules for government privacy policies pertaining to foreigners. This caused concerns in Europe, but should not affect the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield.

European Commission proposes Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications

The European Commission has proposed a new Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications that is intended to supplement the General Data Protection Regulation.

China Climbs Four Places in Transparency International’s 2016 Corruption Perception Index

Transparency International has launched its latest 2016 Corruption Perception Index. China’s ranking continues to improve, moving up by four places from last year’s rank of 83 to a rank this year of 79. Find out more about the other highlights.

Portugal: Changes in the legal framework of advertising of medicines and medical devices

Rules that govern advertising and promotion activities of medicines and medical devices in Portugal have recently been changed.

Baker McKenzie launches Global Anti-Corruption Risk Map

Baker McKenzie has created a one of its kind Anti-Corruption Risk-Map. The risk maps provide information on primary anti-corruption legislation and enforcement agencies, offences, defences and penalties in 55 countries.

Privacy Groups challenge EU-U.S. Privacy Shield

An attorneys' data privacy initiative brought an action against the Adequacy Decision in the CJEU claiming that the Adequacy Decision of the European Commission is null and void.

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