The tables summarize the main topics of the antitrust and competition laws in Asia Pacific. For more information, visit our page “Antitrust Laws around the World“.

CountryRegulatory authorityKey regulationMerger ControlProhibition on abuse
AustraliaAustralian Competition & Consumer CommissionCompetition and Consumer Act 2010 YesYes
ChinaAnti-Monopoly Enforcement Agency (an umbrella term for three separate agencies dealing wih different aspects of the law)Anti-Monopoly Law of the People´s Republic of China YesYes
Hong KongCompetition Commission (appointed April 2013) and Competition Tribunal (to be established); Office of the Telecommunications Authority Broadcasting AuthorityCompetition Ordinance (to come into force in second half of 2015); Telecommunications Ordinance and Broadcasting Ordinance for sector-specific rules (the Competition Ordinance will repeal the competition related provisions)Yes (not yet in force outside communications)Yes (not yet in force outside communications)
IndiaCompetition Commission of IndiaCompetition Act 2002YesYes
IndonesiaBusiness Competition Supervisory CommissionLaw No. 5 of 1999 on the Prohibition of Monopolistic Practices and Unfair CompetitionYesYes
JapanFair Trade CommissionAntimonopoly and Fair Trade Maintenance Act 1947 Yes Yes
MalaysiaCompetition CommissionCompetition Act 2010 and the Competition Commission Act. Other relevant provisions contained in sector specific guidelines, including the Contracts Act 1950 NoYes
New ZealandCommerce CommissionCommerce Act 1986YesYes
PhilippinesOffice for Competition has certain investigative and enforcement powersRelevant provisions in: Revised Penal Code; Civil Code of the Philippines, the Philippine Constitution and various industry specific laws. No comprehensive competition law Yes Yes
SingaporeThe Competition Commission of SingaporeCompetition Act 1994; sector specific guidelinesYesYes
TaiwanFair Trade CommissionFair Trade Law 2002YesYes (limited to monopolistic enterprises)
ThailandTrade Competition CommissionTrade Competition Act. B.E. 2542 (1999)Yes (not in force until thresholds issued) Yes
VietnamVietnam Competition Authority and the Competition CouncilCompetition LawYesYes

 

Regulation of arrangements between competitorsRegulation of dealings with suppliers, resellers and customers
CountryPrice fixingMarket sharingAnti-competitive arrangementsVertical restraints (exclusivity/tying)Resale price maintenance
AustraliaYesYesYesYesYes
ChinaYesYesYesYesYes
Hong KongYes (not yet in force outside communications)Yes (not yet in force outside communications)Yes (not yet in force outside communications)Yes (not yet in force outside communications)Yes (not yet in force)
IndiaYesYesYesYesYes
IndonesiaYesYesYesYesYes
 JapanYesYesYesYesYes
MalaysiaYesYesYesYesYes
New ZealandYesYesYesYesYes
PhilippinesYesYesYesYesYes
SingaporeYesYesYesNo (unless amounts to abuse of dominant position)No (unless amounts to abuse of dominant position)
TaiwanYesYesYesYesYes
ThailandYesYesYesNo (unless amounts to abuse of dominant position)No (unless amounts to abuse of dominant position)
VietnamYesYesYesNo (except where parties enjoy market dominance or monopoly)No (except where parties enjoy market dominance or monopoly)

 

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